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Sandra Day O’Connor is sworn in as the first female Supreme Court justice.
Women In School
  The Oprah Winfrey Show begins airing nationwide in 1986. Oprah quickly becomes one of the most admired and watched talk show hosts in the country.     In 1988, Toni Morrison’s book Beloved wins the Pulitzer Prize.  
In 1985, about 9 percent of officers and enlisted personnel in the armed forces are women, an increase from less than 2 percent in 1972.
•  New guidelines from the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission prohibit sexual harassment.
•  Doctors identify the virus that causes AIDS.
•  Sandra Day O’Connor is named the first woman justice of the Supreme Court.
•  IBM introduces the first personal computer.
•  Only three states short of ratification, the ERA expires.
•  Sally Ride becomes the first U.S. woman in space.
•  Geraldine Ferraro becomes the first woman nominated by a major political party to run for vice president of the United States.
•  The space shuttle Challenger explodes, killing seven crew members including teacher Christa McAuliffe.
•  Florence Griffith Joyner sets a world record in the 200-meter sprint at the Olympics.
•  The Berlin Wall falls, signaling the end of the Cold War.
*National and world events in red.
* Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics
Pictures: Associated Press (3) | Corbis |

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