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  Rachel Carson holds her controversial book Silent Spring, which charges that pesticides are destroying wildlife and endangering humanity.     Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm of New York City answers questions during a news conference.  
Women At Work
  Blues and rock singer Janis Joplin performs with her band, Big Brother and the Holding Company, in 1968.     Audrey Hepburn is a beloved movie star of her day, starring in 1960s classics such as Breakfast at Tiffany’s and My Fair Lady.  
Betty Friedan, who helped found the National Organization for Women, urges women “to do something to visibly protest the discrimination against women.”
•  Eleanor Roosevelt chairs President John F. Kennedy Jr.’s Commission on the Status of Women.
•  Wilma Rudolph sets a new world record in the 100-meter dash.
•  Ecologist Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring inspires the environmental movement.
•  The Cuban missile crisis occurs. The U.S.S.R. withdraws its missiles from Cuba.
•  Civil rights protesters march in Washington, D.C. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech.
•  President John F. Kennedy Jr. is assassinated.
•  Betty Friedan’s book The Feminine Mystique is published, launching the modern women’s movement in the United States.
•  Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, the first federal law prohibiting sexual discrimination.
•  The Civil Rights Act is passed, banning discrimination on the basis of color, race, national origin, religion, or sex.
•  More than 200,000 American troops are stationed in Vietnam as opposition to the war mounts in the United States.
•  Betty Friedan and others found the National Organization for Women (NOW) to ensure equal rights for women.
•  Muriel Siebert becomes the first woman to own a seat on the New York Stock Exchange
•  Shirley Chisholm of New York City becomes the first African American woman elected to Congress.
•  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated.
•  The United States lands the first man on the moon.
*National and world events in red.
* Source: Historical Statistics of the United States, U.S. Bureau of the Census
Pictures: Associated Press (5) |

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