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1960s
 
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  Rachel Carson holds her controversial book Silent Spring, which charges that pesticides are destroying wildlife and endangering humanity.     Congresswoman Shirley Chisholm of New York City answers questions during a news conference.  
Women At Work
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  Blues and rock singer Janis Joplin performs with her band, Big Brother and the Holding Company, in 1968.     Audrey Hepburn is a beloved movie star of her day, starring in 1960s classics such as Breakfast at Tiffany’s and My Fair Lady.  
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Betty Friedan, who helped found the National Organization for Women, urges women “to do something to visibly protest the discrimination against women.”
 
•  Eleanor Roosevelt chairs President John F. Kennedy Jr.’s Commission on the Status of Women.
 
•  Wilma Rudolph sets a new world record in the 100-meter dash.
•  Ecologist Rachel Carson’s book Silent Spring inspires the environmental movement.
 
•  The Cuban missile crisis occurs. The U.S.S.R. withdraws its missiles from Cuba.
•  Civil rights protesters march in Washington, D.C. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “I Have a Dream” speech.
 
•  President John F. Kennedy Jr. is assassinated.
 
•  Betty Friedan’s book The Feminine Mystique is published, launching the modern women’s movement in the United States.
 
•  Congress passes the Equal Pay Act, the first federal law prohibiting sexual discrimination.
•  The Civil Rights Act is passed, banning discrimination on the basis of color, race, national origin, religion, or sex.
•  More than 200,000 American troops are stationed in Vietnam as opposition to the war mounts in the United States.
•  Betty Friedan and others found the National Organization for Women (NOW) to ensure equal rights for women.
•  Muriel Siebert becomes the first woman to own a seat on the New York Stock Exchange
•  Shirley Chisholm of New York City becomes the first African American woman elected to Congress.
 
•  Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is assassinated.
•  The United States lands the first man on the moon.
 
*National and world events in red.
   
   
* Source: Historical Statistics of the United States, U.S. Bureau of the Census
Pictures: Associated Press (5) |

 
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