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The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League, founded during World War II, showcases talented players from around the country.
  Jazz legend Ella Fitzgerald begins her solo career in the early 1940s and becomes one of America’s leading jazz singers.     Known as “Rosie the Riveter,” this popular figure is part of a government campaign to bring women into the workplace during the war.  

The Andrews Sisters are a popular singing group of the 1940s, with wartime hits such as “Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy.”

•  Japan attacks Pearl Harbor, and the United States enters World War II.

•  The Women’s Army Corps (WAC) and Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service (WAVES) are established. Congress authorizes women to serve in the U.S. Navy.
•  The first American jet airplane is introduced.
•  As anti-Japanese sentiment increases, Japanese Americans are placed in internment camps.

•  The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League is founded.

•  The United Nations is established; Eleanor Roosevelt is appointed as a U.S. delegate.
•  Germany and Japan surrender, ending World War II

•  High jumper Alice Coachman becomes the first African American woman to win an Olympic gold medal.

•  Mildred “Babe” Didrikson and other women create the Ladies Professional Golf Tour.
*National and world events in red.

Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics
Pictures: Corbis | Library of Congress | Associated Press (2) |

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