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Alice Paul celebrates the ratification of the women’s suffrage amendment in 1920. Paul is one of the chief authors of the Equal Rights Amendment.
 
  Singer Bessie Smith is known as “the Empress of the Blues.”     Greta Garbo, who stars in silent films and the first talking pictures, is one of the most popular actresses of her time.  

In the 1920s, many young women go to work as secretaries or “girl Fridays.” Here, a woman sends a message using a telegraph typewriter.
 
 

 
•  The 19th Amendment to the Constitution is ratified, giving women the right to vote.
 
•  The first commercial radio broadcast is transmitted.
 
•  The League of Nations is established by the United States and other world leaders.


•  The Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) is first introduced to Congress. It states, “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”


•  In Wyoming, Nellie Tayloe Ross becomes the first woman elected as a governor in the United States.
 
•  The World Exposition of Women’s Progress (the first women’s world’s fair) opens in Chicago.


•  The Jazz Singer, the first movie with sound, is released.


•  Women compete for the first time in Olympic field events.


•  The stock market crashes, marking the beginning of the Great Depression.
 
*National and world events in red.
   
   
* Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics
Pictures: Library of Congress | Associated Press (2) | Corbis |
   
 
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