EMT-B Sustainment 2

Answer the questions below and then click "submit" to send your answers.

  1. While evaluating a patient with chest pain, your partner tells you that the patient's blood pressure is 124/82 mm Hg. The higher number represents the pressure from the:
  2. Your answer:
    ventricles relaxing
    atria contracting
    atria relaxing
    ventricles contracting


  3. When you inspect a patient's puplis with a flashlight, the puplis should normally react to the light by:
  4. Your answer:
    dilating
    not responding
    fluttering
    constricting


  5. What skin color is associated with cyanosis?
  6. Your answer:
    Reddish complexion
    Pale
    Bluish tint
    Jaundice


  7. Which of the following are vital signs?
  8. Your answer:
    Pulse rate, respiration rate, skin color
    Pulse rate, blood pressure, respiration rate
    Blood pressure, skin condition, skin color
    Respiration rate, skin condition,skin color


  9. Which of the following organs is NOT working correctly when a patient has jaundice of the skin or whites of the eyes?
  10. Your answer:
    Lungs
    Kidneys
    Heart
    Liver


  11. You are examining a patient who is complaining of chest pain and difficulty breathing. You take his radial pulse, noting that it is irregular in rate. This is most likely caused by:
  12. Your answer:
    the pulse not being taken correctly
    an occasional blockage of the radial artery
    the patient's arm not being straight enough while taking the pulse
    irregular contractions of the heart


  13. As you assess a patient's breathing, you should note the:
  14. Your answer:
    tidal volume
    height of chest rise during inspiration
    rate and quality of breathing
    strength of breathing


  15. Which of the following statement about blood pressure measurement is true?
  16. Your answer:
    A blood pressure cuff that is too large will produce falsely high readings
    A blood presuure by auscultation should be taken before one is taken by palpation
    A blood pressure taken in the antecubital fossa uses the brachial artery
    The ear pieces of the stethoscope should be faing rearward in the ears


  17. Which of the following pulses can normally be felt on the adult patient?
  18. Your answer:
    Facial, carotid
    Carotid, femoral
    Femoral, patellar
    Jugular, facial


  19. The systolic blood pressure is a measurement of:
  20. Your answer:
    atrial relaxation
    ventricular contraction
    ventricular relaxation
    atrial contraction


  21. Which of the following is NOT a sign of respiratory distress?
  22. Your answer:
    Accessory muscle use
    Cyanosis
    Stridor
    Swollen eyes


  23. What areas of the body will show cyanosis?
  24. Your answer:
    Nose, cheeks, base of neck
    Lips and the fingertips
    Hands, tongue, whites of eyes
    Fingers, abdomen, around the ears


  25. Which of the following body parts can you use to access skin color in an adult?
  26. Your answer:
    Nail beds and oral mucosa
    Earlobes and eyelids
    Cheeks and tongue
    Conjunctiva and nasal bridge


  27. In a stable patient, vital signs should be reassessed:
  28. Your answer:
    whenever you care for patient for over 1 hour
    at least every 30 minutes
    whenever the patient request an update
    at least every 15 minutes


  29. The bluish discoloration of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen is called:
  30. Your answer:
    kyphosis
    ecchymosis
    halitosis
    cyanosis


  31. Pale skin color may indicate:
  32. Your answer:
    cyanosis
    carbon monoxide poisoning
    shock
    heatstroke


  33. Normal skin temperature should feel:
  34. Your answer:
    warm
    cool
    hot
    cold


  35. Which of the following is NOT a sign of respiratory distress?
  36. Your answer:
    Labored breathing
    Low blood pressure
    Nasal flaring
    Accessory muscle use


  37. A normal pulse should feel:
  38. Your answer:
    strong and regular
    bounding and rapid
    weak and rapid
    thready and regular


  39. The pressure exerted against the walls of the artery when the left ventricle is at rest is called:
  40. Your answer:
    stroke pressure
    systolic pressure
    cardiac output pressure
    diastolic pressure


  41. When obtaining a patient's history, the abbreviation SAMPLE is often used to get the most complete history. SAMPLE is an acronym for:
  42. Your answer:
    signs, allergies, medications, pertinent past history, last oral intake, events leading to the injury or illness
    skin color, associated complaints, medicl physician, pertient past history, location of the injury, events leading to the injury or illness
    signs, allergies, medications, physical exam , last time of occurance, evidence of associated problems
    skill, associated couplets, medical physician, physical exam, last oral intake, evaluation


  43. What information should be noted when you assess a patient's pulse?
  44. Your answer:
    Difficulty in finding
    If the patient can feel his own pulse
    Rate, regularity, volume
    Depth, rate, clarity


  45. you are unable to find your patient's radial pulse. What does this mean?
  46. Your answer:
    you are not feeling the right area because everyone has a radial pulse
    Nothing because not eveyone has a radial pulse
    The patient has low blood volume to the arms
    The patient's blood pressure may be low


  47. When you shine a light into one pupil, the normal reactions of the other pupil should be to:
  48. Your answer:
    become smaller
    become larger
    dilate
    not react


  49. What is labored breathing?
  50. Your answer:
    Increased effort to breathe
    Absence of breathing
    Shallow, slow breathing
    An occasional deep breath



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