First Amendment Cases Practice Quiz

AP Government and Politics at NKCHS

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Match the description of the Supreme Court case with its name. Click "submit" to check your answers.

  1. This trial happened during the colonial period, so was not part of the Supreme Court's cases under the U.S. Constitution. On August 5, 1735, twelve New York jurors, inspired by the eloquence of the best lawyer of the period, Andrew Hamilton, ignored the instructions of the Governors's hand-picked judges and returned a verdict of "Not Guilty" on the charge of publishing "seditious libels." This helped to bring about a free press in America.
  2. Your answer:
    John Peter Zenger case
    Amistad trial
    Sacco-Vanzetti trial

  3. In this case, a televangelist sued a porn peddler for libel. The Supreme Court ruled the First Amendment prohibits public figures from recovering damages for intentional infliction of emotional harm, without showing the publication contained a false statement of fact made with actual malice.
  4. Your answer:
    O'Rourke v. Playboy, 1972
    Hustler v. Falwell, 1988
    Slidell v. Penthouse, 1990

  5. This case struck down a statute authorizing the state to seek injunctions against routine publishers of malicious or defamatory information, extending protection of freedom of the press to the states (incorporation).
  6. Your answer:
    Curry v. Lambda Foundation, 1896
    New York Times v. United States, 1971
    Near v. Minnesota, 1931

  7. The Supreme Court ruled that wearing black armbands to protest the Vietnam War was “pure speech,” or symbolic speech, thus protected by the First Amendment. The principal’s right to forbid conduct that substantially interfered with school discipline was outweighed by the students’ right to free expression.
  8. Your answer:
    Texas v. Johnson, 1974
    Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 1969
    Flowers v. Andover Public Schools, 1965

  9. The Court ruled all school-sanctioned prayer in public schools unconstitutional.
  10. Your answer:
    Murry v. O'Hare, 1964
    Wallace v. Jaffree, 1985
    Engel v. Vitale, 1962

  11. During World War I, a socialist political activist mailed fliers to draftees urging them to peacefully protest the draft. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes wrote that the First Amendment did not protect him since, during wartime, such expression would create a clear and present danger.
  12. Your answer:
    Cantwell v. Connecticut, 1940
    Florida v. Hughes, 1917
    Schenck v United States, 1919

  13. The Supreme Court applied protection of free speech to the states (incorporation)
  14. Your answer:
    Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
    Gitlow v New York, 1925
    Brandenburg v. Ohio, 1969

  15. The Supreme Court protected flag-burning as symbolic speech: “Government may not prohibit the expression of an idea simply because society finds the idea itself offensive or disagreeable.”
  16. Your answer:
    Texas v. Johnson, 1989
    Reno v. ACLU, 1997
    Buckley v. Valeo, 1976

  17. The Court stated that the First Amendment protected all statements about public officials, unless the speaker lies with the intent to defame. This case overturned a judgment awarding damages to an Alabama policeman after a major American newspaper ran a critical ad.
  18. Your answer:
    New York Times v. United States, 1971
    New York Times v. Sullivan, 1964
    United States v. Nixon, 1974

  19. The Supreme Court ruled that the an extremist political party could not be prohibited from marching peacefully, simply because of the content of their message.
  20. Your answer:
    Communist Party USA v. United States, 1954
    Dejonge v. Oregon, 1937
    Village of Skokie vs. National Socialist Party, 1978

  21. This case set forth rules for obscenity prosecutions, but also gave states and localities flexibility in determining what is obscene. The four dissenters argued even the most general attempt to define obscenity for the entire nation was outside the scope of the Court’s power.
  22. Your answer:
    Brandenburg v. Ohio, 1969
    Wallace v. Jaffree, 1985
    Miller v. California, 1973

  23. The Court struck down a Pennsylvania law requiring that each public school day open with Bible reading.
  24. Your answer:
    Wallace v. Jaffree, 1985
    Abington School District v. Schempp, 1963
    Buckley v. Valeo, 1976

  25. The Supreme Court held that the 1996 Communications Decency Act was unconstitutional, since it was overly broad and vague in its regulation of speech on the internet, and it attempted to regulate indecent speech, which is protected.
  26. Your answer:
    Landry v. Whitney, 2002
    Phillips v. Andover, 1998
    Reno v. ACLU, 1997

  27. This case lifted a temporary injunction against publication of leaked information, since such publication would not cause an “inevitable, direct and immediate” event imperiling the safety of American forces; often referred to as the Pentagon Papers case.
  28. Your answer:
    United States v. Sullivan, 1966
    New York Times v. United States, 1971
    Army v. Navy, 1970

  29. This case extended to the states the federal protection of the right to peaceably assemble for lawful discussion (incorporation).
  30. Your answer:
    Dejonge v Oregon, 1937
    Miller v. California, 1973
    Smith v. Collin, 1978

  31. The Court ruled a state school board’s policy requiring students and teachers to recite the pledge of allegiance unconstitutional.
  32. Your answer:
    Wisconsin v. Yoder, 1972
    Cantwell v. Connecticut, 1940
    West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 1943

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