Medical Terminology - Chapters 11 & 12

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  1. An action that lowers the foot and points the toes is
  2. Your answer:
    abduction
    dorsiflexion
    adduction
    pronation
    plantar flexion


  3. The combining form for the femur is
  4. Your answer:
    patell/o
    femur/o
    fibul/o
    femor/o
    humer/o


  5. A large rounded process on a bone is called
  6. Your answer:
    sulcus
    fossa
    condyle
    tuberosity
    articulation


  7. A combining form for the heel bone is
  8. Your answer:
    calcane/o
    acromi/o
    tars/o
    calc/o
    carp/o


  9. The combining form brachi/o means
  10. Your answer:
    digits
    leg
    kneecap
    crooked
    arm


  11. A soft spot between the cranial bones is called
  12. Your answer:
    fontanelle
    sulcus
    trochanter
    sulcus
    foramen


  13. The action of turning the palm up is called
  14. Your answer:
    pronation
    rotation
    dorsiflexion
    supination
    adduction


  15. Connective tissue which attaches one bone to another is called a/an
  16. Your answer:
    synergist
    tendon
    ligament
    fixation
    antagonist


  17. The combining form for striated skeletal muscle is
  18. Your answer:
    chondr/o
    rhabdomy/o
    myel/o
    tendin/o
    leiomy/o


  19. The term for stiffening or freezing of a joint is
  20. Your answer:
    arthrolysis
    arthroclasia
    ankylosis
    arthrodysplasia
    necrosis


  21. The suffix for refracture or break is
  22. Your answer:
    -blast
    -desis
    -clasis
    -centesis
    -cleisis


  23. The term for inflammation of the vertebrae is
  24. Your answer:
    osteoporosis
    spondylitis
    spina bifida
    ankylosis
    menigitis


  25. A medication used to reduce fever is called a/an
  26. Your answer:
    relaxant
    chrysotherapy
    uricosuria
    antipyretic
    antihyperuricemia


  27. The site where hematopoiesis occurs is the
  28. Your answer:
    capillaries
    bone marrow
    cartilage
    liver
    periosteum


  29. Two main divisions of the skeleton are the axial and the
  30. Your answer:
    articular
    vertebral
    peripheral
    cephalic
    appendicular


  31. Freely movable joints are called
  32. Your answer:
    synarthrosis
    amphiarthrosis
    suture joints
    diarthrosis
    symphysis


  33. A fracture that involves a broken bone and an external wound is called
  34. Your answer:
    comminuted
    compound
    impacted
    greenstick
    pathological


  35. A lateral curvature of the spine is called
  36. Your answer:
    lordosis
    sciatica
    necrosis
    scoliosis
    kyphosis


  37. The term that means limping is
  38. Your answer:
    crepitation
    hyperkinesia
    strain
    claudication
    sciatica


  39. A segment of necrosed bone is called
  40. Your answer:
    subluxation
    rickets
    sequestrum
    rachitis
    necropsy


  41. An increase in the severity of a disease or its symptoms is
  42. Your answer:
    exacerbation
    sequestrum
    remission
    hyperkinesia
    claudication


  43. Deformities of the foot, such as clubfoot, are called
  44. Your answer:
    genic valgus
    diapedesis
    talipes
    genu varum
    genuclast


  45. Which of the following is NOT a function of bones?
  46. Your answer:
    hematopoiesis
    contraction
    support
    protection
    storage of minerals


  47. The shaft of the bone is called
  48. Your answer:
    articulate
    epiphysis
    diaphysis
    cancellous
    synarthrosis


  49. The bone forming cells are called
  50. Your answer:
    osteoblasts
    periosteum
    articular cartilage
    osteoclasts
    cancellous


  51. Which of the following is NOT part of the vertebral column?
  52. Your answer:
    atlas
    axis
    thoracic
    cervical
    pubic


  53. The tail bone is also known as
  54. Your answer:
    sacrum
    axis
    coccyx
    lumbar
    pubis


  55. The three bones that are included in the pelvis are
  56. Your answer:
    coccyx, ilium, and ischium
    ischium, symphysis, and coccyx
    pubis, sacrum, and coccyx
    ilium, ischium, and symphysis
    ilium, ischium, and pubis


  57. Which of the following is paired INCORRECTLY?
  58. Your answer:
    skeletal muscles; striated muscles
    striated muscles; voluntary muscles
    voluntary muscles; visceral muscles
    involuntary muscles; visceral muscles
    smooth muscles; visceral muscles


  59. When muscles arise directly from bones, the attachment is said to be
  60. Your answer:
    smooth
    fibrous
    voluntary
    fleshy
    striated


  61. The combining form for finger and toe bones is
  62. Your answer:
    phalang/o
    spondyl/o
    fibul/o
    patell/o
    pod/o


  63. The combining form for thigh bone is
  64. Your answer:
    fibul/o
    rachi/o
    humor/o
    femor/o
    patell/o


  65. A type of fracture where the bone has injured another organ, such as a broken rib piercing a lung
  66. Your answer:
    closed
    impacted
    complicated
    incomplete
    compound


  67. A pathological fracture is also called
  68. Your answer:
    spontaneous
    greenstick
    impacted
    hairline
    comminuted


  69. Another name for osteitis deformans is
  70. Your answer:
    Heberden's nodes
    Paget disease
    polio
    Pott's disease
    osteomyelitis


  71. A partial or incomplete dislocation is
  72. Your answer:
    talipes
    strain
    sprain
    subluxation
    sequestrum


  73. An excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra
  74. Your answer:
    open reduction
    sequestrectomy
    synovectomy
    laminectomy
    bursectomy


  75. Fractures of the long bones of the legs usually mend more rapidly than fractures of the long bones of the arms.
  76. Your answer:
    True False


  77. Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone and bone marrow.
  78. Your answer:
    True False


  79. With chronic osteomyelitis, prognosis is good.
  80. Your answer:
    True False


  81. Gouty arthritis is believed to be an autoimmune disease.
  82. Your answer:
    True False


  83. Osteoarthritis is associated with hard nodules at the distal interphalangeal joints.
  84. Your answer:
    True False


  85. A lateral curvature of the spine to the right or left is called scoliosis.
  86. Your answer:
    True False


  87. A malignant tumor arising from bone is called a sarcoma.
  88. Your answer:
    True False


  89. Ewing's sarcoma usually affects the ends of the long bones.
  90. Your answer:
    True False


  91. A prosthesis is an artificial replacement for a missing part or limb.
  92. Your answer:
    True False


  93. Carpal tunnel syndrome and talipes both affect the hand and wrist.
  94. Your answer:
    True False


  95. Some of the wastes filtered out of the blood by the kidneys are
  96. Your answer:
    chyle
    diuretics
    carbon dioxide
    nitrogenous products
    chyme


  97. The aperture where the renal artery and renal vein enter and leave the kidney is the
  98. Your answer:
    hilus
    ureter
    trigone
    renal tubule
    Bowman's capsule


  99. After wastes are removed, blood leaves the kidney by way of the
  100. Your answer:
    ureter
    renal artery
    portal vein
    renal vein
    urinary meatus


  101. The filtering units responsible for maintaing homeostasis are the
  102. Your answer:
    calyces
    collecting tubules
    bulbourethral glands
    urinary meatus
    nephrons


  103. Blood filtering in the kidney begins in the
  104. Your answer:
    renal pelvis
    renal corpuscle
    proximal tubule
    renal tubule
    renal artery


  105. Reabsorption in the nephron occurs in
  106. Your answer:
    Bowman's capsule
    renal corpuscle
    renal tubule
    glomerulus
    afferent arteriole


  107. Urine is expelled from the body through the
  108. Your answer:
    renal tubule
    ureter
    renal pelvis
    calyx
    urethra


  109. Sperm is produced in the
  110. Your answer:
    seminiferous tubules
    seminal vesicles
    ductus deferens
    prostate gland
    epididymis


  111. The enlarged tip of the penis is the
  112. Your answer:
    ductus deferens
    bulbourethral gland
    prepuce
    glans penis
    Cowper's gland


  113. The testes are located in the
  114. Your answer:
    epididymis
    scrotum
    ductus deferens
    renal pelvis
    abdominal cavity


  115. The combining form vesic/o means
  116. Your answer:
    seminal vesicle
    vas deferens
    vessels
    bladder
    prepuce


  117. The combining form crypt/o means
  118. Your answer:
    testes
    cold
    hidden
    scrotum
    epididymis


  119. The term that means blood in the urine is
  120. Your answer:
    hyperuricemia
    hematuria
    uremia
    diuresis
    hemoptysis


  121. The combining form olig/o means
  122. Your answer:
    scanty
    testis
    sperm
    origin
    hidden


  123. The combining form py/o means
  124. Your answer:
    renal pelvis
    fever
    hidden
    heat
    pus


  125. Solidified protein fragments shaped like the tubules where they form are
  126. Your answer:
    uroliths
    nodular hyperplasia
    casts
    nephroliths
    necroliths


  127. The surgery to correct cyptorchidism is
  128. Your answer:
    herniorrhapy
    lithotripsy
    orchiopexy
    nephrolithectomy
    nephropexy


  129. Hesitancy, dysuria, hematuria, and frequency are symptoms of
  130. Your answer:
    hydronephrosis
    prostatic carcinoma
    glomerulitis
    hydrocele
    varicocele


  131. Agents that promote secretion of urine are called
  132. Your answer:
    diaphoretics
    antidiuretics
    uremics
    uricosurics
    diuretics


  133. Malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis is
  134. Your answer:
    hydrocele
    epispadias
    impotence
    hypospadias
    varicocele


  135. During surgery, an instrument called a sound is used to
  136. Your answer:
    dilate
    incise
    remove foreign substances
    stop bleeding
    take x-rays


  137. Fulguration is used during surgery to
  138. Your answer:
    make an incision
    destroy tissue
    crush stones
    dilate a stricture
    administer anesthetics


  139. Nitrogenous wastes are produced when body cells metabolize
  140. Your answer:
    sugar
    electrolytes
    calcium
    fat
    protein


  141. Waste products are transported to the kidneys via the
  142. Your answer:
    renal vein
    renal artery
    collecting tubule
    renal pelvis
    ureter


  143. The renal pelvis is
  144. Your answer:
    an extension of the peritoneal cavity
    an extension of the ureter
    located at the base of the bladder
    a portion of the urethra
    a portion of the renal corpuscle


  145. The renal corpuscle is composed of the funnel shaped end of the renal tubule and the
  146. Your answer:
    ureter
    glomerulus
    renal pelvis
    peritubular capillaries
    efferent arteriole


  147. In the formation of urine, filteration takes place in the
  148. Your answer:
    renal corpuscle
    bladder
    renal pelvis
    renal capsule
    collecting tubule


  149. Sperm is produced in the
  150. Your answer:
    ejaculatory duct
    vas deferens
    seminal duct
    seminiferous tubules
    prostate


  151. The ejaculatory duct
  152. Your answer:
    transports only sperm
    is located in the scrotum
    passes at an angle through the prostate gland
    carries sperm from the testes into the abdominopelvic cavity
    is located beneath the epididymis


  153. A structure that functions both in the urinary system and the male reproduction system is
  154. Your answer:
    prostate
    urethra
    testes
    vas deferens
    ureter


  155. Glomerulonephritis is associated with all of the following except
  156. Your answer:
    pyelonephritis
    pathogenic streptococci infection
    systemic lupus erythematosus
    polyarthritis
    scleroderma


  157. Orchiopexy is often accompanied by which of the following surgical procedures:
  158. Your answer:
    nephropexy
    circumcision
    prostatectomy
    vasectomy
    herniorrhaphy


  159. Incontinence is also called anuria.
  160. Your answer:
    True False


  161. An excess of urea, creatinine, and uric acid in the blood is called azotemia.
  162. Your answer:
    True False


  163. An accumulation of serous fluid in the scrotal sac is called hydronephrosis.
  164. Your answer:
    True False


  165. Distention of the veins of the spermatic cord is called varicocele.
  166. Your answer:
    True False


  167. Removal of part of the prepuce is known as circumcision.
  168. Your answer:
    True False


  169. Medications used to increase sperm count are called spermicidals.
  170. Your answer:
    True False


  171. Gonadotropin is a medication used in the treatment of gout.
  172. Your answer:
    True False


  173. UTIs are more common in males than females.
  174. Your answer:
    True False


  175. The loss of excessive amounts of protein resulting in systemic edema is nephrotic syndrome.
  176. Your answer:
    True False


  177. Sperm is the largest constituent by volume of seminal fluid.
  178. Your answer:
    True False


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