Medical Terminology - Chapters 5 & 6

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  1. Malaise is an example of
  2. Your answer:
    disease
    sign
    pathogen
    symptom
    morbid condition


  3. The study of the cause of disease is
  4. Your answer:
    etiology
    cytology
    histology
    prognosis
    homeostasis


  5. The combining form proxim/o means
  6. Your answer:
    nearest
    to the side
    middle
    across
    from


  7. A prediction of the course of a disease is
  8. Your answer:
    etiology
    diagnosis
    homeostasis
    prognosis
    synthesis


  9. Any disease of uknown origin is described as
  10. Your answer:
    pathogenic
    diagnostic
    iatrogenic
    prognostic
    idiopathic


  11. The lungs are in which aspect of the body?
  12. Your answer:
    sagittal
    inferior
    trasverse
    dorsal
    superior


  13. The plane dividing the body into right and left halves is
  14. Your answer:
    coronal
    lateral
    midsagittal
    frontal
    horizontal


  15. X-rays are also known as
  16. Your answer:
    sonograms
    radiographs
    ultrasonography
    magnetic resonance imaging
    ultrasonic imaging


  17. The thoracic cavity is separated from the abdominopelvic cavity by
  18. Your answer:
    spinal column
    peritoneum
    quadrants
    diaphragm
    umbilicus


  19. The upper-right abdominopelvic region beneath the ribs is
  20. Your answer:
    right lumbar
    epigastric
    right inguinal
    right hypochondriac
    umbilical


  21. The neck region of the back is called
  22. Your answer:
    sacral
    coccygeal
    cervical
    thoracic
    lumbar


  23. Hist/o is the combining form for
  24. Your answer:
    cells
    organs
    systems
    organisms
    tissue


  25. The etiology of a disease is a study of its
  26. Your answer:
    contractibility
    cause
    duration
    prognosis
    course


  27. The combining form viscer/o means
  28. Your answer:
    disease
    belly
    internal organs
    stomach
    disease


  29. The prefix ad- means
  30. Your answer:
    from
    around
    near
    toward
    over


  31. The abbreviation Dx means
  32. Your answer:
    division
    dimension
    diagnosis
    dosage
    dextrocardia


  33. The abbreviation GU means
  34. Your answer:
    genitourinary
    gastrointestinal
    greater-upper
    genuflex
    genitouterine


  35. The combining form for unknown or distinctive is
  36. Your answer:
    home/o
    proxim/o
    idi/o
    ventr/o
    odont/o


  37. The prefix infra- means
  38. Your answer:
    around
    under
    across
    rays
    above


  39. The prefix ultra- means
  40. Your answer:
    across
    beneath
    excess
    toward
    away from


  41. The plane that divides the body into front and back is
  42. Your answer:
    ventral
    coronal
    sagittal
    dorsal
    transverse


  43. The abbreviation MS means
  44. Your answer:
    magnetic scanning
    multiple scans
    musculoskeletal
    midsagittal
    midskeletal


  45. Epithelial tissue is composed of cells
  46. Your answer:
    arranged in continuous sheets
    that exhibit contractibility
    that support other tissues and organs
    capable of transmitting electrical impulses
    that connect other tissues and organs


  47. The tissue type that forms the epidermis of the skin, covers surfaces of organs, lines cavities and canals, forms tubes and ducts is
  48. Your answer:
    muscular
    nervous
    hematic
    epithelial
    connective


  49. In medicine, a complete living entity capable of independent existence is called a/an
  50. Your answer:
    animal
    organism
    human being
    creature
    man


  51. A morbid condition is one that is
  52. Your answer:
    normal
    pathological
    abnormal
    objective
    subjective


  53. The progression of a disease is its
  54. Your answer:
    etiology
    iatrogenesis
    prognosis
    homeopathy
    pathogenesis


  55. Which of the following is a neoplastic disorder?
  56. Your answer:
    cancer
    a burn or trauma
    measles
    diabetes
    mumps


  57. In the anatomical position the
  58. Your answer:
    body is lying down, face upward
    arms are folded accross the chest
    body is erect, and the eyes are looking forward
    palms of the hands face the back
    toes point outward


  59. A coronal plan divides the body into
  60. Your answer:
    two dorsal cavities and two ventral cavities
    one dorsal cavity and one ventral cavity
    two dorsal cavities and one ventral cavity
    one dorsal cavity and two ventral cavities
    none of the above


  61. The diagnostic imaging procedure that produces an image that appears as a slice taken from the patient is
  62. Your answer:
    radiograph
    sonogram
    magnetic imaging
    x-ray
    tomography


  63. An MRI uses a magnetic field rather than an x-ray to produce an image.
  64. Your answer:
    True False


  65. CT scans usually produce sharper images of soft tissue than those obtained using MRI.
  66. Your answer:
    True False


  67. Radiopaque materials are substances that repel x-rays.
  68. Your answer:
    True False


  69. The coccyx is the tailbone.
  70. Your answer:
    True False


  71. The sacral region is the upper back.
  72. Your answer:
    True False


  73. Anterior and ventral both refer to the front of the body.
  74. Your answer:
    True False


  75. Supine means lying on the back with the face upward.
  76. Your answer:
    True False


  77. Home/o is the combining form meaning blood.
  78. Your answer:
    True False


  79. Viscer/o/megaly means an enlargement of the organs.
  80. Your answer:
    True False


  81. An example of a congenital disorder is harelip
  82. Your answer:
    True False


  83. The term alopecia means
  84. Your answer:
    dry skin
    blisters
    oily skin
    itching
    baldness


  85. The hair root is
  86. Your answer:
    located below the root
    located outside the dermis
    located inside the follicle
    embedded in the dermis
    located inside the papilla


  87. The growth area of the nail is the
  88. Your answer:
    nail body
    lunula
    nail bed
    cuticle
    nail tip


  89. Pores on the skin surface open into the
  90. Your answer:
    sebaceous glands
    hair follicle
    mammery glands
    capillaries
    sweat glands


  91. The darker skin circling the breast nipple is
  92. Your answer:
    papilla
    adipose tissue
    sebaceous tissue
    areola
    sudoriferous tissue


  93. Superficial loss of skin tissue is
  94. Your answer:
    excoriation
    crustation
    laceration
    erythema
    metastasis


  95. Hypertrophied, thickened scar tissue is
  96. Your answer:
    keloid
    abrasion
    excoriation
    contusion
    vesicle


  97. A cicatrix is a/an
  98. Your answer:
    blister
    scar
    gland
    abrasion
    secondary lesion


  99. Burns of the epidermis are classified as
  100. Your answer:
    first degree
    crustations
    third degree
    vesicular
    second degree


  101. Extreme sensitivity to sensory stimuli is
  102. Your answer:
    erythema
    excoriation
    ecchymosis
    hyperesthesia
    psoriasis


  103. The combining form crypt/o means
  104. Your answer:
    hidden
    to secrete
    scaly
    sweat
    fungus


  105. The combining form pil/o means
  106. Your answer:
    nipple
    dry
    hair
    skin
    nail


  107. The combining form for sweat is
  108. Your answer:
    lact/o
    hidr/o
    pil/o
    myc/o
    onych/o


  109. The combining form cirrh/o means
  110. Your answer:
    hidden
    hard
    green
    liver
    yellow


  111. The suffix for formation is
  112. Your answer:
    -therapy
    -graphy
    -derma
    -logist
    -poiesis


  113. The abbreviation bx means
  114. Your answer:
    breast x-ray
    second degree burn
    biopsy
    cross graft
    autograft


  115. Medication used to destroy the outer layer of skin is
  116. Your answer:
    corticosteroid
    keratolytic
    antipruritic
    parasiticide
    anesthetic


  117. The abbreviation for ointment is
  118. Your answer:
    ung
    subcu
    gtt
    omt
    oit


  119. Agents to relieve itching are called
  120. Your answer:
    antiseptics
    astringents
    antipruritics
    keratolytics
    fulgurations


  121. The combining form for nail is
  122. Your answer:
    squam/o
    myc/o
    thel/o
    onych/o
    pil/o


  123. Another term for a blackhead is
  124. Your answer:
    melanoma
    chloasma
    pemphigus
    petechia
    comedo


  125. Fungal skin disease is called
  126. Your answer:
    tinea
    pemphigus
    eczema
    scabies
    ecchymosis


  127. Milk-white patches on the skin can be caused by
  128. Your answer:
    pediculosis
    petechiae
    urticaria
    vitiligo
    eczema


  129. The term for bedsores is
  130. Your answer:
    impetigo
    decubitus ulcers
    tinea corporis
    ecchymoses
    tinea barbae


  131. The Schick test is used to determine
  132. Your answer:
    immunity to diphtheria
    allergy to medications
    skin allergies
    susceptibility to tuberculosis
    diagnosis for AIDS


  133. The epidermis contains a layer of cells called the stratum germinativum where
  134. Your answer:
    old cells are dying
    skin oil is produced
    lymphatics are located
    new cells are continually produced
    hair follicles are embedded


  135. Skin is relatively waterproof due to
  136. Your answer:
    skin oil
    keratin
    sweat
    lunua
    strata


  137. Which of the following is not located in the corium?
  138. Your answer:
    capillaries
    adipose tissue
    sebaceous glands
    nerve endings
    hair follicles


  139. One of the primary functions of sebum is
  140. Your answer:
    protection agains infection
    hair growth
    tissue repair
    scar development
    excoriation


  141. Combining forms for yellow are
  142. Your answer:
    cyan/o, cirrh/o
    cirrh/o, rube/o
    xanth/o, cirrh/o
    xanth/o, anthrac/o
    cyan/o, rub/o


  143. The term for excessive sweating is
  144. Your answer:
    hyperhydrosis
    hyperhydria
    hyperhidrosis
    hydosis
    anhidria


  145. A rubbing away or scraping or epidermal tissue is
  146. Your answer:
    crustation
    laceration
    contusion
    incision
    abrasion


  147. Hyperpigmentation of the skin characterized by yellowish-brown patches or spots is
  148. Your answer:
    comedo
    ecchymosis
    chloasma
    alopecia
    pemphigus


  149. An inflammatory skin disease characterized by isolated pustules that become crusted and rupture is
  150. Your answer:
    hirsutism
    pemphigus
    impetigo
    eczema
    psoriasis


  151. Localized loss of skin pigmentation is
  152. Your answer:
    tinea
    scabies
    purpura
    ecchymosis
    vitiligo


  153. Contagious disease transmitted by the itch mite
  154. Your answer:
    scabies
    chloasma
    tinia
    urticaria
    pediculosis


  155. An abnormal condition of bluness
  156. Your answer:
    subcutaneous
    cyanosis
    scleroderma
    thelitis
    urticaria


  157. An inflammation of the nipple is
  158. Your answer:
    mastoplasty
    mammoplasty
    thelitis
    cyanosis
    biopsy


  159. Mantoux, tine, and PPD are all tests that determine TB status.
  160. Your answer:
    True False


  161. Anti-inflammatory drugs relieve pruritus, vasodilation, and inflammation.
  162. Your answer:
    True False


  163. Frozen sections are often used for rapid diagnosis.
  164. Your answer:
    True False


  165. An allograft is tissue transplanted from one part of the body to another part of the body.
  166. Your answer:
    True False


  167. In xeroradiography, the image is produced on paper rather than on x-ray film.
  168. Your answer:
    True False


  169. Fulguration is destruction of tissue using a freezing technique.
  170. Your answer:
    True False


  171. The patch test is used to identify skin allergies.
  172. Your answer:
    True False


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