Answer each question below using the suggested links to guide your research.
1. What modern-day nations make up the lands of the Vikings in both Europe and North America? When did the Vikings leave their homes in Scandinavia and when did they arrive in North America? Who were the major explorers?
2. Describe the changes that were taking place in Viking society prior to the 12th century. List and describe the primary economic activities of the Norse settlers of the North Atlantic islands.
3. What effect did the Viking settlers have on the environment and ecosystems of the North Atlantic lands they settled? What are sagas?
4. What evidence exists to support the idea that the Vikings had contact with the natives of North America during the early 1000s?
Team Discussion Question
After your team has answered the questions above, discuss these questions as a team:
· Describe the reasons for Viking exploration. What was their greatest contribution to civilization? Trade routes? Exploration? The longboat?