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Video Information and Comprehension Questions

Polar Expeditions

The following questions appear onscreen in the video. Feel free to integrate them into your lesson plan as needed.


 
Part I
Questions to consider before watching the video:
  • Think about why humans need heroes. As you watch the program, consider the cost of glory and the risks explorers took to reach the North and South poles. Look for examples of personal sacrifice, true bravery, and unwise choices.
  • Think about what it takes to be considered a hero today.
Questions to consider after watching the video:
  • When Robert Peary met Frederick Cook in 1891, he believed Cook would be a good addition to his crew. Compare the personalities of Cook and Peary. How did personalities affect the outcome of their race to the North Pole?
Suggested activity
Research how working in extreme temperatures affects the body. Create a chart that compares the body's ability to function at both 100º degrees Fahrenheit and -60° degrees Fahrenheit.
 
 
Part II
Questions to consider before watching the video:
  • Think about what motivates people who seek glory through adventures and exploration. As you watch the program, consider the explorers' choices. Do you think they were motivated by nationalism or personal achievement?
  • Look for examples of individual choices in dire situations to decide whether you consider these explorers to be heroes.
Questions to consider after watching the video:
  • Motivation for success was an essential component in the exploration of Antarctica. Discuss how the prospect of adventure and the desire for glory affected Roald Amundsen's success and Robert Scott's tragedy. In what ways did they contribute to our geographic knowledge of Antarctica?
Suggested activity
It took many years for Matthew Henson to be acknowledged as co-discoverer of the North Pole. Research significant events in his life and the role he played in reaching the North Pole.