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Video Information and Comprehension Questions

Conquistadors: Francisco Pizarro

The following questions appear onscreen in the video. Feel free to integrate them into your lesson plan as needed.


 
Part I
Questions to consider before watching the video:
  • What do you know about the age of discovery and the conquistadors? As you watch the program, think about the military tactics and behavior of the Spanish conquistadors.
  • What do you know about the Inca?
  • Where in South America was their empire located?
Questions to consider after watching the video:
  • Analyze Pizarro's military strategy and compare it to that of Atahualpa. To what extent did Pizarro exploit the weaknesses of the Inca empire to his advantage?
  • What are some of the tactics Atahualpa could have used to defend his empire?
Suggested activity
Create a brochure designed to convince the nobility of Spain to support Pizarro's expedition. Include details about the geography of the region, the indigenous people, and the riches expected to be gained.
 
 
Part II
Questions to consider before watching the video:
  • Discuss the likelihood of 300 Spanish soldiers conquering millions of Inca.
  • As you watch the program, think about the conditions that would have to exist for Pizarro to achieve his conquest. Look for Inca mistakes that sealed their fate.
  • What role do you think disease played in conquering the Inca?
Questions to consider after watching the video:
  • While Pizarro was busy becoming one of the richest and most infamous men in history, his king, Charles V, was disturbed by the means Pizarro used to achieve his goals. Did Pizarro's results justify his actions?
  • Analyze this question from the points of view of both Pizarro and Charles V.
Suggested activity
Conduct a mock trial of Francisco Pizarro before Spain's royal court. Prepare the case with students acting as attorneys, witnesses, religious leaders, and the royal court, prepare arguments for and against Pizarro.