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City Life in Europe image
City Life in Europe
Grade level: 6-8 Subject: Geography Duration: Three class periods
 


lesson plan support
Objectives
Students will
  • review the geography of France and Paris;
  • discuss the importance of major landmarks in Paris;
  • create a postcard for one Parisian landmark.
Materials
  • Computer with Internet access
  • Large index cards (one per student)
  • Materials to create postcards (markers, paint, colored pencils, glue, scissors poster board)
  • Map of Europe (with scale large enough to show river Seine)
  • City Life in Europe video and VCR (or DVD and DVD player)
Procedures
  1. After watching City Life in Europe , ask students to find France and Paris on a map of Europe. What countries border France?(Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Germany, Luxembourg, Belgium, Monaco)What bodies of water border France?(Atlantic Ocean, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea)Which river runs through the city?(Seine)

  2. Ask students to brainstorm reasons that Paris is an important city. Explain that Paris is the capital of France, and a cultural and economic center that has a rich history. For hundreds of years, a monarchy of kings and queens ruled France. During the French Revolution in 1789, the monarchy was overthrown, and France became a republic, or democratic government. Well-known landmarks in Paris include the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre.

  3. Ask students to name some landmarks mentioned in the program.(Louvre, Eiffel Tower, Seine River, Catacombs, Bastille, Pont Neuf, Arc de Triomphe, Pompidou Centre, Notre Dame)

  4. Tell students that their task is to imagine they are visiting one famous landmark so they can create a postcard from it. As they research their assigned landmark, they should also collect images. You may let students choose a landmark or assign them. Use the following list of famous landmarks as a starting point:

    • Louvre
    • Eiffel Tower
    • Notre Dame
    • Arc de Triomphe
    • Hôtel des Invalides
    • La Défense
    • Sacré-Coeur
    • Panthéon
    • Gare d'Orsay
    • Pompidou Centre
    • Metro
    • La Seine
    • Catacombs
  5. As students research their landmark, encourage them to print out or sketch images from different perspectives. They should also collect the following information:

    • What is it?
    • When was it built?
    • Who built it?
    • What problem did it solve or what purpose did it serve?
    • What do you think it would be like to visit?
    • What might be the most interesting or impressive details?
  6. Have students use print and online resources. The following Web sites may be helpful:

  7. Give students index cards for creating their postcards. Remind them that one side should be visual (an image, sketch, or collage). On the other side, students will write a note as if they've just visited the landmark; it should include some of the details from their research.

  8. Have students pass the postcards around the room to learn about the different monuments. Then pin the cards on a classroom bulletin board (images facing out) and see if students can name all the landmarks.

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Evaluation
Use the following three-point rubric to evaluate students' work during this lesson.
  • Three points:Students were active in class discussion; showed a strong understanding of the geography of France; cited several Paris landmarks from the video; created a clear, complete landmark postcard including at least one image and several details.
  • Two points:Students participated in class discussions; showed satisfactory understanding of the geography of France; cited some Paris landmarks from the video; created an adequate landmark postcard including at least one image and some details.
  • One point:Students participated minimally in class discussions; showed minimal understanding of the geography of France; cited few or no Paris landmarks from the video; created an incomplete landmark postcard, with a missing or sloppy image and few or no details.

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Extensions
For the "London Fog" segment:Ask students to brainstorm words and phrases that describe London's fog. What effect did it have on the city's population? Have students write a poem about the fog.

For the "Europe United" segment:Talk about the importance of soccer in Europe. Do students think there's a sport in the United States that has a similar impact on people? Why or why not? Discuss some sports traditions in the U.S.

For the "Peter the Great" segment:Ask students to name the Russian city built by Peter the Great. (Saint Petersburg) Have them research this city and create postcards from Saint Petersburg, as they did for Paris. A good place to start is this Web site: http://www.saint-petersburg.com/.

For the "Life in Modern Russia" segment:What does your class know about Russia? Assign student pairs to research terms (such as Moscow, ruble, Kremlin, U.S.S.R., Volga River, Siberia, communism, borscht) or people (such as Leo Tolstoy, Marc Chagall, Vladimir Putin, Josef Stalin, Mikhail Gorbachev, Nikita Kruschev, or Mikhail Baryshnikov). On index cards have students write the word on one side and a clue or definition on the other side. Have each pair read their clue to the class. Lead a game of hangman, in which students guess the letters until they figure out the mystery word.

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Vocabulary
catacomb
Definition:Underground burial chambers connected by tunnels
Context:In the 18th century, the cemeteries in Paris were filled to capacity, so bones were moved to catacombs outside the city.

landmark
Definition:An identifying feature of a landscape
Context:The Eiffel Tower in Paris is one of the world's most famous landmarks.

monarchy
Definition:A political system in which a country is ruled by kings and queens
Context: For hundreds of years, France was ruled by a monarchy, which included the king Louis XIV.

republic
Definition:Democracy; a political system in which a country is run by representatives elected by the people
Context:After the French Revolution in 1789, France became a republic.

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Standards

The National Council for Geographic Education(NCGE) provides 18 national geography standards that the geographically informed person knows and understands. To view the standards online, go tohttp://www.ncge.org.

This lesson plan addresses the following NCGE standards:

  • Places and Regions: The physical and human characteristics of places.
  • Human Systems: The process, patterns, and functions of human settlement.

The National Council for the Social Studies(NCSS) has developed national standards to provide guidelines for teaching social studies. To become a member of the NCSS, or to view the standards online, go tohttp://www.socialstudies.org.

This lesson plan addresses the following thematic standards:

  • People, Places, and Environments

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Credits
Joy Brewster, curriculum writer, editor, and consultant

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