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  Logic

Take Me Out to the Ballgame
 
Q

A man took his two sons to a baseball game. Each of the three wore a different kind of shoes and clothing. They were hungry, so each one had either ice cream, peanuts, or a hot dog, but no one had the same thing to eat. By reading the four clues below, you can tell what each one ate at the game and what kind of shoes (loafers, sandals, or sneakers) and clothing (sweater, sweatshirt, or jacket) each was wearing.

  1. The father was not wearing loafers.
  2. The younger brother was wearing sandals, but did not have ice cream or peanuts.
  3. The older brother was wearing a jacket and had ice cream.
  4. The person wearing a sweater had a hot dog.


 
A Dad was wearing sneakers and a sweatshirt and ate peanuts. Big Brother was wearing loafers and a jacket and had ice cream to eat. Little Brother was wearing sandals and a sweater and ate a hot dog.

STRATEGY: Making a chart like the one below. Fill in each square with all the possible answers. As you read through the clues, cross out everything that can't be true and circle everything that you know is true. Keep using a process of elimination as you go along, and you'll be left with only one possible answer in each box.  
 

ITEMS DAD BIG BROTHER LITTLE BROTHER
SHOES sneakers      
sandals      
loafers      
CLOTHING jacket      
sweater      
sweatshirt      
FOOD hot dog      
ice cream      
peanuts